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PSA Webinar Talk Series-1 with Dr. Liyaqath Ali Director (MACIC) Embassy of India, Egypt

Published Date : 2020-10-07

Concept Note

The legal approach in protecting the human rights has two sides:

1)To enact laws which are capable of protecting the rights of the citizens.

2)To have an efficient mechanism to implement these laws meaningfully. 

It is imperative to ensure that both sides of the legal approach works properly. As far as India is concerned, it has moved a long way forward in enacting very effective and powerful laws to protect the rights of all citizens in general and the rights of the vulnerable groups in particular.  In comparison to many other countries, India’s track records in this regard is excellent and exemplary.  The failure of India has always been at the implementation level.  It is a matter of sheer contradiction, that despite having a strong constitution of which we all are very much proud of, and powerful laws enacted by the Parliament and different state govts. from time to time,  the country always rank in a  very low position in the world rankings in matters related to protection of different kinds human rights, conviction rate etc.

According to the constitution of India, the state is responsible to ensure the rights of the citizens.   However, when a citizen is denied a right, or faces any kind of injustice, it is the courts that he/she normally resorts to.  That is why those who framed the Constitution of India envisaged the role of judiciary very vital in securing the fundamental rights of the citizens. But even after 70 years of independence, there has been hardly any serious attempt to make comprehensive reforms in this area.  This paper analyses the major areas related to the judicial system of India, which require urgent and comprehensive reforms.

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